Acute toxicity of Microcystis spp. (Cyanobacteria) bloom on Moina minuta (Cladocera) in a tropical reservoir, Northeastern Brazil

Mauro Cesar Palmeira Vilar, Cristiane Maria Varela de Araújo-Castro, Ariadne do Nascimento Moura


Worldwide cyanobacterial blooms have been registered, where harmful species dominance is associated to producing of toxic compounds (cyanotoxins) with adverse effects on several organisms. Acute toxicity of crude extracts from Microcystis bloom occurring in Mundaú reservoir was evaluated by bioassays with the neotropical Cladocera Moina minuta. Samples were taken in the reservoir during the rainy (April/2012) and dry season (September/2012). Cyanobacterial analyses were performed by identification on optical microscopy and direct counting using an inverted microscope. Bloom samples were frozen, lyophilized and re-suspended in deionized water for preparation of extracts. Tests with the cladoceran were carried out in test tubes with different concentrations of the crude extract, diluted in 10 mL reconstituted water. In both rainy and dry periods, densities of Microcystis spp. were above 15x103 ind mL-1. Microcystin concentrations in the extracts were 0.70 (+ 0,009) (rainy season) and 0.69 (+ 0,005) (dry season) μg g-1. The LC50 (48h) of crude extract for both rainy and dry periods was 160 (100 – 255) and 72 (4 – 1113) mg L-1, respectively. These results indicated that extracts of Microcystis spp. were acutely toxic to M. minuta population with suggesting that such events represent potential toxicity to zooplankton.

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